Skala Loutron of Lesvos
From the entrance of the Gulf of Gera, the eye scans the Plain of Loutra and focuses the Skala Loutron,, the natural harbor of the village Loutra, which placed higher, at the foot of Mount Strovolos from the right, and of Mount Prophet Elias on the left, inside the Olive tree groves.
Historically Skala Loutron, is a transplantation of the inhabitants of which came – according to one – and Loutra, is inextricably linked to the human geography of multilevel. Signs of human activity of ancient and Byzantine times found in many places throughout the region. Important ancient settlement was also in place Palaioloutros, at the entrance of the bay. Signs of Turkish occupation have now disappeared, except the «Turkish» (neighborhood village Loutra).
With the liberation of the island in 1913, and population exchanges, the village emptied by the Turks, while Skala Loutron were installed permanently in 1923, Greeks of Asia Minor by Fokas and Cesme.
In the picturesque hill of Panagia (Holly Mother) is an ancient fortress and tombs found in the area where the fuel tanks located (ancient coastal settlement). Next to the Skala, the Kountouroudia (where there are also restaurants) you can go across the sea towards Gera Perama boats (passage for many years).
Cove Paleopotamos (south of Skala ), an ancient settlement, while the Agios Ermogenis to the chapel on the rock, Tavern and beach are quite fun. Further south, in Haramida, other taverns. The interior street Charamida – Loutra excavated an early Christian Basilica ( of Cesme ) 5th AD century , with beautiful mosaic ( birds and vines ) in the middle aisle . Further north along the coast, there is a tiny island Saint Isidore.
The cultural landscape of the Scala Loutron formed by the meeting and to reconcile time, peoples and lifestyles hitherto intertwine harmoniously. Historically, residents preserve and recycled pieces of ancient marbles in churches, in temples, in fountains. In the historic church of St. George was during the Ottoman occupation «secret school».
The local dialect of Loutra records the long and colorful history of the region, where the ratio is characterized by genuine suffixes lesbian and lesbian particular accent which shall be delivered, the «palatal «, which makes the language sticks to the back of it to the palate.
Today , the cultural heritage of the region preserve and utilize local cultural associations , the organization of various events and the establishment in 2006 of the «Refugee Memorial Museum 1922» , which adorned Asia artifacts, costumes, rare books and graphic material.
Of the 1,450 residents of the Municipal District Loutron ( 2001 ) , resident in the 251 Skala Loutron, although farming is highly developed , the socio – economic fabric of the region is supported by a variety of other activities (fishing, catering and leisure etc. ) .
In the region of Loutra was always small-scale industry, adjusted measures of place and landscape, and directly connected with the main product , the olive tree : there are now three mills , Bottling crafts , craft production of edible oils . Today it operates a farm and shipyard, serving small displacement ships. Here’s one of the few episkefastiria traditional wooden boats in North Aegean.
The Gulf of Gera rated as «European interest» and has been listed Corinne biotopes, on the basis of high visual value of the landscape and the large number of endangered / protected species (Berne Convention / Council of Europe and EU Directive 409 / 79/EEC). This is a particularly fragile ecological environment.
The narrow and shallow mouth of the Gulf (» kavourolimni «) proposed by the Mediterranean Action Plan / Barcelona Convention as a creative space marine park to protect the rich and threatened marine life . Casual Pass and loggerhead turtles, the Gulf of Gera has praised the tremendous aesthetic value of Odysseus Elytis, and everyday life in the early 20th century has been immortalized by the folk painter Theophilos. He joined the network NATURA 2000 and rated as the environment of high ecological value of the HCMR and the University of the Aegean , while the entire coastal zone of the Gulf has been proposed as a » Zone Eco-development » (Article 18 of Law 1650/86 ) .
Today in Skala Loutron, as well as the wider region, sector of activity optimistic future seems to be longer detected increasingly in recreation and tourism. In Skala, the old mill, which ceased to operate by 1950, converted into a hotel.
Due to the physical and cultural characteristics of the bay , and more specifically the area of Skala Loutron , especially suited for alternative forms of tourism that focus on the landscape and the environment , such as ecotourism and agrotourism.